HomeOur ScientistsRichard N. Zare

Our Scientists

Richard N. Zare, PhD
HHMI Professor / 2006–Present

Scientific Discipline

Biophysics, Physical Science

Host Institution

Stanford University

Current Position

Richard Zare is Marguerite Blake Wilbur Professor in Natural Science at Stanford University with an appointment in the Department of Chemistry and a courtesy appointment in the Department of Physics.

Current Research

An Interdisciplinary, Hands-On Undergraduate Laboratory Course on Light, Pigments, and Organisms

Richard Zare's research interests focus on nanoscale chemical analysis. His HHMI project includes a laboratory course in the life sciences for undergraduates that will examine light and photosynthesis in an interdisciplinary way and a biochemistry course aimed at motivating students to pursue a research career.


For Richard Zare, part of chemistry's first allure was its forbidden nature. His father, once an aspiring chemist himself, kept chemistry textbooks scattered around the house—but discouraged his son from reading them out of concern that…

For Richard Zare, part of chemistry's first allure was its forbidden nature. His father, once an aspiring chemist himself, kept chemistry textbooks scattered around the house—but discouraged his son from reading them out of concern that they could only lead to frustration. A child's chemistry set was also taboo—but the young Zare managed to circumvent that restriction through an arrangement with a local pharmacist, who willingly supplied all the ingredients necessary to create gunpowder and, subsequently, fireworks, in the family's basement. Today, Zare is a professor of physical and analytical chemistry at Stanford University.

A pioneer in the field of laser chemistry, Zare has developed fundamental techniques that permit researchers to use laser beams to detect and analyze tiny amounts of chemicals and the reactions they undergo. He and his students have used the approach to study all manner of subjects, from the extraterrestrial—analyzing organic molecules for signs of life in a meteorite from Mars—to the effervescent, such as the study of bubble movement in beer as it's poured into a glass. Zare has taught an introductory chemistry class every year since arriving at Stanford in 1977.

Not only does he relish the opportunity to foster young students' curiosity and interest in science, but, he said, teaching is a "secret weapon" that enhances his own research. The core of successful research, he said, is a questioning of the most fundamental assumptions—and introducing new concepts to his students forces him to do just that. Teaching this course has also helped Zare realize the value of getting students actively involved in research. "I was impressed by how much students took from the lab component of that class, and it made me want to do more," he said. "No one has ever chosen a career based on a great exam or homework problem. You've got to get students into the lab, where they can use their minds  and their hands."

That's exactly what Zare did  during his first 5 years as an HHMI professor, by building a two-part, hands-on lab course that explores the complex relationship organisms have with light. Students studied everything from photosynthesis to eyesight, combining physics, chemistry, and biology to learn how organisms use light in multiple ways. In addition to one lecture per week, students have been encouraged to pursue their own questions about the link between light and living organisms. Zare has authored or co-authored more than 800 publications, written four books, and holds 50 patents. He has also been actively involved in national science policy, serving for six years on the policy-setting board of the National Science Foundation, the last two years as its Chair.

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  • BA, chemistry and physics, Harvard University
  • PhD, chemical physics, Harvard University


  • Wolf Prize
  • National Medal of Science, National Science Foundation
  • Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Mentoring
  • ACS Richards Medal, American Chemical Society
  • ACS Priestley Medal, American Chemical Society
  • Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Biomedicine, BBVA Foundation
  • R. B. Bernstein Award in Stereodynamics
  • King Faisal International Prize in Science
  • Torbern Bergman Medal
  • International Science and Technology Cooperation Award of the People's Republic of China
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  • National Academy of Sciences
  • American Academy of Arts and Sciences
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science, Fellow
  • American Chemical Society
  • American Physical Society
  • The Royal Society
  • Indian Academy of Sciences
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Swedish Royal Academy of Engineering Sciences
  • World Academy of Sciences for Developing Countries
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