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Showing 1-20 of 46 Resources
  • How We Get Our Skin Color

    How We Get Our Skin Color

    Animations

    (3 min 32 sec) This engaging animation shows how human skin cells produce the pigment melanin, which gives skin its color. 

  • Cancer and Cell Fate in the Intestinal Epithelium

    Cancer and Cell Fate in the Intestinal Epithelium

    Animations

    (2 min 17 sec) Disrupting the normal processes of differentiation and maturation of the intestinal epithelial cells can lead to cancer. Also available in Spanish.

  • Autism and the Structure and Function of Synapses

    Autism and the Structure and Function of Synapses

    Animations

    (2 min 3 sec) Genes associated with autism affect the structure and function of neuronal synapses.

  • Development of the Cerebral Cortex

    Development of the Cerebral Cortex

    Animations

    (1 min 43 sec) Most of the neurons of the cerebral cortex arise from progenitor cells that undergo repeated cell division.

  • Anole Lizards: An Example of Speciation

    Anole Lizards: An Example of Speciation

    Animations

    (2 min 38 sec) This animation features the anole lizards as an example of how a single species can split and multiply into many different species with distinct traits.

  • Malaria: Mosquito Host

    Malaria: Mosquito Host

    Animations

    (3 min 59 sec) A mosquito becomes infected with malaria when it sucks the blood from an infected human. Once inside the mosquito, the parasites reproduce in the gut and accumulate in the salivary glands, ready to infect another human host with the next bite.

  • Malaria: Human Host

    Malaria: Human Host

    Animations

    (4 min 18 sec) When a malaria-carrying mosquito bites a human host, the malaria parasite enters the bloodstream, multiplies in the liver cells, and is then released back into the bloodstream, where it infects and destroys red blood cells.

  • Cloning an Army of T Cells for Immune Defense

    Cloning an Army of T Cells for Immune Defense

    Animations

    (4 min 21 sec) View the animation to see how one type of immune cell—the helper T cell—interprets a message presented at the surface of the cell membrane. The message is an antigen, a protein fragment taken from an invading microbe. A series of events unfolds that results in the production of many clones of the helper T cell. These identical T cells can serve as a brigade forming an essential communication network to activate B cells, which make antibodies that will specifically attack the activating antigen.

  • Lactose Digestion in Infants

    Lactose Digestion in Infants

    Animations

    (53 sec) The lactase enzyme is produced in the small intestine of infants. It digests lactose by breaking it into glucose and galactose.

  • Dengue Virus Enters a Cell

    Dengue Virus Enters a Cell

    Animations

    (1 min 33 sec) Infection begins when the dengue virus uses receptors on an immune cell's surface to gain entry and release its genome.

  • Structure of Dengue Virus

    Structure of Dengue Virus

    Animations

    (1 min 3 sec) The dengue virus's outer envelope proteins form symmetrical units and overlay the lipid envelope, capsid, and the RNA genome.

  • Dengue Virus Life Cycle

    Dengue Virus Life Cycle

    Animations

    (4 min 12 sec) Dengue virus has sophisticated mechanisms for entering a cell, for replicating its RNA genome, and for translating proteins.

  • Viral Geometry and Structural Diversity

    Viral Geometry and Structural Diversity

    Animations

    The geometric structures of viruses are beautiful and can be used, along with genomic information, to identify them.

  • Motor cabal toxins block motor neuron synapses

    Motor cabal toxins block motor neuron synapses

    Animations

    (3 min 28 sec) Multiple cone snail toxins attack different molecules of the nervous system and cause paralysis.

  • Prialt blocks motor synapse in fish

    Prialt blocks motor synapse in fish

    Animations

    (2 min 31 sec) Prialt, a drug derived from cone snail venom, paralyzes fish by blocking calcium channels at a motor synapse.

  • Development of the human embryonic brain

    Development of the human embryonic brain

    Animations

    (1 min 40 sec) The fetal brain grows enormously during pregnancy, both in terms of its size and the number of neurons it has.

  • Molecular Mechanism of Synaptic Function

    Molecular Mechanism of Synaptic Function

    Animations

    (1 min 9 sec) Electrical and chemical signals are used by neurons to communicate with one another at contact points called synapses. Also available in Spanish.

  • Signal molecules trigger transcription factors

    Signal molecules trigger transcription factors

    Animations

    (2 min 4 sec) Varying concentrations of a signaling molecule activate different transcription factors and determine cell fate.

  • HIV life cycle

    HIV life cycle

    Animations

    (4 min 52 sec) How HIV infects a cell and replicates itself using reverse transcriptase and the host's cellular machinery.

  • Antigen presentation and CTL

    Antigen presentation and CTL

    Animations

    (2 min 34 sec) How a cell infected by a virus signals cytotoxic T lymphocytes to kill the cell before the virus replicates and spreads.

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