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  • Why Two Heads?

    Why Two Heads?

    Phenomenal Images

    Students explore images of planarians regenerating body parts as phenomena to explore cell division and differentiation.

  • Great Transitions Interactive: Human Origins

    Great Transitions Interactive: Human Origins

    Click & Learn

    Examine fossil skeletons and footprints of early humans and compare them to skeletons of modern humans and chimpanzees to discover how different traits have evolved over time.

  • Sex Verification Testing of Athletes

    Sex Verification Testing of Athletes

    Click & Learn

    This interactive explores the biology of sex determination and development in humans, set against the backdrop of the different sex testing policies implemented throughout sports history.

  • Age Structure of Ebola Outbreaks

    Age Structure of Ebola Outbreaks

    Data Points

    Scientists analyzed demographics, including sex and age, of the spread of the Ebola Virus Disease during seven outbreaks in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

  • 3D Scan of Tiktaalik Fossil – Humerus

    3D Scan of Tiktaalik Fossil – Humerus

    3D Models

    3D-scans of fossil bones of Tiktaalik, a creature with a mix of features common to fish and tetrapods.

  • 3D Scan of Tiktaalik Fossil – Pelvis

    3D Scan of Tiktaalik Fossil – Pelvis

    3D Models

    3D-scans of fossil bones of Tiktaalik, a creature with a mix of features common to fish and tetrapods.

  • 3D Scan of Tiktaalik Fossil – Pectoral Fin

    3D Scan of Tiktaalik Fossil – Pectoral Fin

    3D Models

    3D-scans of fossil bones of Tiktaalik, a creature with a mix of features common to fish and tetrapods.

  • 3D Scan of Tiktaalik Fossil –  Body

    3D Scan of Tiktaalik Fossil – Body

    3D Models

    3D-scans of fossil bones of Tiktaalik, a creature with a mix of features common to fish and tetrapods.

  • 3D Scan of Tiktaalik Fossil –  Skull

    3D Scan of Tiktaalik Fossil – Skull

    3D Models

    3D-scans of fossil bones of Tiktaalik, a creature with a mix of features common to fish and tetrapods.

  • Monkey Social Status and Immune Response

    Monkey Social Status and Immune Response

    Data Points

    Scientists studied how the dominance ranking of female rhesus macaques living in social groups affected the expression of genes linked to immune response.

  • Maternal Microbiota Impacts Offspring Immune System

    Maternal Microbiota Impacts Offspring Immune System

    Data Points

    In this study, scientists compared two populations of pregnant mice, one which was kept germ-free throughout pregnancy and the other which was exposed during pregnancy to a strain of E. coli to determine whether the immune systems of offspring begin to develop in utero. Worksheets also available in Spanish.

  • Termites Digest Wood Thanks To Microbes

    Termites Digest Wood Thanks To Microbes

    Animated Shorts

    (7 min 11 sec) The next time you spot a termite chomping down on wood, know that they’re not dining alone.

  • Identifying the Key Genes for Regeneration

    Identifying the Key Genes for Regeneration

    Scientists at Work

    (9 min 55 sec) Planarians have an amazing ability to regenerate lost tissues. In this video, scientists knock out two different genes in planaria to start to understand how the process works—and they generate animals with two heads and two tails!

  • Benefits of Schools

    Benefits of Schools

    Phenomenal Images

    Students explore photos of animals in groups as phenomena to explore animal behavior concepts.

  • How Lizards Find Their Way Home

    How Lizards Find Their Way Home

    Scientists at Work

    (8 min 33 sec) When Dr. Manuel Leal removed lizards from an area in the forest, he noticed an interesting phenomenon: all the lizards seemed to be back the next day. Watch as he sets up an experiment to study how these lizards navigate home. Also available in Spanish.

  • Sleep Clears β-amyloid from the Brain

    Sleep Clears β-amyloid from the Brain

    Data Points

    The researchers in this study tested whether the rate of Aβ removal is higher during sleep using mice as model organisms. Worksheets also available in Spanish.

  • Studying Elephant Communication

    Studying Elephant Communication

    Scientists at Work

    (6 min 43 sec) Elephants can communicate over long distances using low-frequency sounds that travel both in the air and through the ground. Scientists are studying whether elephants can “hear” and interpret these ground vibrations.

  • Viral Lysis and Budding

    Viral Lysis and Budding

    Labs & Demos

    This activity outlines two demonstrations that model how enveloped and nonenveloped viruses are released from infected cells.

  • HIV Protease Inhibitors

    HIV Protease Inhibitors

    Labs & Demos

    This demonstration models how the HIV protease enzyme functions and how its activity is blocked by a class of anti-HIV drugs.

  • Viral DNA Integration

    Viral DNA Integration

    Labs & Demos

    In this hands-on activity, students model how a double-stranded DNA copy of the HIV genome is integrated into the host cell DNA.

  • HIV Reverse Transcription and AZT

    HIV Reverse Transcription and AZT

    Card Activities

    Students model how the anti-HIV drug AZT (azidothymidine) interferes with the process of viral replication.

  • HIV Receptors and Co-receptors

    HIV Receptors and Co-receptors

    Labs & Demos

    This demonstration models the first step of the HIV life cycle: the binding of HIV envelope proteins to receptors on human helper T cells.

  • Bat Echolocation

    Bat Echolocation

    Data Points

    In this study, researchers tested whether bats change their behavior while hunting based on feedback from echolocation.

  • Think Like a Scientist: Natural Selection in an Outbreak

    Think Like a Scientist: Natural Selection in an Outbreak

    Scientists at Work

    (7 min 29 sec) This video brings us to the front lines of the 2013–2015 Ebola outbreak in west Africa and explains how scientists monitored the evolution of the virus by analyzing its genome.

  • How Animals Use Sound to Communicate

    How Animals Use Sound to Communicate

    Click & Learn

    Using elephants, finches, bats, and moths, as case studies, explore different aspects of how animals use sound to communicate.

  • Patterns of Zoonotic Disease

    Patterns of Zoonotic Disease

    Data Points

    In this study, scientists analyzed previously published data on terrestrial mammal zoonotic host species and the pathogens they carry to search for global patterns of zoonotic disease distribution.

  • Understanding Variation

    Understanding Variation

    Lessons

    This lesson complements the film The Biology of Skin Color and discusses variation in human skin color and polygenic inheritance. Also available in Spanish.

  • Thermoregulation in Dinosaurs

    Thermoregulation in Dinosaurs

    Data Points

    Grady and colleagues compared dinosaur fossil evidence with evidence from living animal species to shed more light on the type of thermoregulation that dinosaurs used—ectothermy, endothermy, or mesothermy.

  • Virus Explorer

    Virus Explorer

    Click & Learn

    Explore the similarities and differences of a variety of viruses by sorting them based on structure, genomic make-up, host range, transmission mechanism, and vaccine availability.

  • Virus Hunter: Monitoring Nipah Virus in Bat Populations

    Virus Hunter: Monitoring Nipah Virus in Bat Populations

    Scientists at Work

    (9 min 1 sec) In this video we follow scientists working in Bangladesh as they test fruit bat populations to determine whether they are infected with Nipah virus—a potentially deadly virus when passed on to humans.

  • Alzheimer’s Disease: Piecing Together the Evidence

    Alzheimer’s Disease: Piecing Together the Evidence

    Click & Learn

    This interactive explores evidence from brain anatomy, tissue histology, and genetic studies to reveal possible targets for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease.

  • Origin of a Gene Mutation Causing Early-Onset Alzheimer’s Disease

    Origin of a Gene Mutation Causing Early-Onset Alzheimer’s Disease

    Data Points

    A team of scientists built a pedigree of a large extended family in Antioquia, Colombia, that has a high prevalence of early-onset familial Alzheimer’s disease due to a mutation in the PSEN1 gene. Worksheets also available in Spanish.

  • Amylase Copy Number and Diet

    Amylase Copy Number and Diet

    Data Points

    A team of scientists investigated whether there is a correlation between the number of AMY1 gene copies and the type of diet (high-starch or low-starch) of a population.

  • Origin of Birds With Quiz

    Origin of Birds With Quiz

    Interactive Videos

    (18 min 59 sec) Embedded quiz modules test students’ understanding as they watch a short film about the evidence that showed birds descended from dinosaurs.

  • Genetic Origin of Variation in Human Skin Color

    Genetic Origin of Variation in Human Skin Color

    Data Points

    Dr. Rebecca Lamason and colleagues studied the genetic origin of variation in human skin color using a model organism, the zebrafish.

  • Comparative Anatomy of the Domestic Chicken

    Comparative Anatomy of the Domestic Chicken

    Click & Learn

    Trace the evolutionary history of birds by comparing the shapes and structures of certain bones in a chicken to those of some of its extinct and living relatives. Also available in Spanish.

  • Human Skin Color: Evidence for Selection

    Human Skin Color: Evidence for Selection

    Case Studies

    This case study is based on the short film The Biology of Skin Color. Students use real data to propose hypotheses, make predictions, and justify claims with evidence. Also available in Spanish.

  • The Origin of Flight: What Use Is Half a Wing?

    The Origin of Flight: What Use Is Half a Wing?

    Scientists at Work

    (8 min 16 sec) Biologist Ken Dial's study of how young birds use their developing wings sheds light on the evolution of flight in birds.

  • How We Get Our Skin Color Interactive

    How We Get Our Skin Color Interactive

    Interactive Videos

    (3 min 32 sec) This interactive animation about the biology of skin color provides stop points at which students can further explore the material through additional text and illustrations, videos, questions, and simple interactive widgets.

  • Film Guide for The Biology of Skin Color

    Film Guide for The Biology of Skin Color

    Film Guides

    The following classroom-ready resources complement The Biology of Skin Color. Featuring anthropologist Dr. Nina Jablonski, the film walks us through the evidence that differences in human skin color are adaptations to varying intensity of UV light. Also available in Spanish.

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