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  • Structure of Dengue Virus

    Structure of Dengue Virus

    Animation

    (1 min 3 sec) The dengue virus's outer envelope proteins form symmetrical units and overlay the lipid envelope, capsid, and the RNA genome.

  • The Chemical Structure of DNA

    The Chemical Structure of DNA

    Animation

    (2 min 44 sec) DNA's chemical properties can be harnessed for a variety of biotechnology applications.

  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

    Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

    Animation

    (54 sec) PCR is a standard laboratory technique that allows amplification of specific segments of DNA based on complementarity.

  • Eavesdropping on Tiny Conspiracies

    Eavesdropping on Tiny Conspiracies

    Lecture

    (58 min 29 sec) The quorum sensing system is a target for a new class of drugs that interfere with virulence without killing bacteria.

  • Biodiversity at a Snail's Pace

    Biodiversity at a Snail's Pace

    Lecture

    (58 min 29 sec) Cone snails have evolved many different toxins for different uses. Total molecular biodiversity may number in the millions.

  • Screening chemical libraries with robotics

    Screening chemical libraries with robotics

    Clip

    (1 min 24 sec) Robotic equipment makes it possible to screen massive chemical libraries in just a matter of days.

  • Demonstration: Quorum sensing molecules

    Demonstration: Quorum sensing molecules

    Clip

    (50 sec) Quorum sensing signal molecules have parts that are common between species as well as species-specific parts.

  • The LUX operon controls light production

    The LUX operon controls light production

    Animation

    (2 min 25 sec) A single transcription factor controls this operon, which contains five genes necessary to produce bioluminescence.

  • Lightning-strike cabal acts like a Taser

    Lightning-strike cabal acts like a Taser

    Animation

    (2 min 9 sec) Some cone snail toxins chemically hyperactivate neurons and immobilize prey, much like a Taser.

  • Signal molecules trigger transcription factors

    Signal molecules trigger transcription factors

    Animation

    (2 min 4 sec) Varying concentrations of a signaling molecule activate different transcription factors and determine cell fate.

  • AZT blocks reverse transcriptase

    AZT blocks reverse transcriptase

    Animation

    (1 min 46 sec) HIV's reverse transcriptase mistakes AZT for thymidine. Once incorporated, AZT stops reverse transcription.

  • Visualizing Gene-Expression Patterns

    Visualizing Gene-Expression Patterns

    Click & Learn

    Learn about the different ways scientists are able to detect when genes are being expressed in various tissues.

  • What Is Fat?

    What Is Fat?

    Poster

    The poster from the 2004 Holiday Lectures on Science, The Science of Fat. See how fat is stored and metabolized. (This poster is designed to printed at a maximum size of 29.5" x 23.5".)

  • How The Body Uses Fat

    How The Body Uses Fat

    Click & Learn

    This slide show explores some of the ways the body processes fat, including digestion, transport, conversion, and energy extraction.

  • Molecular Structure of Fat

    Molecular Structure of Fat

    Click & Learn

    This slide show delves into the various molecular shapes that fat can take.

  • PPAR-gamma Activation in the Fat Cell

    PPAR-gamma Activation in the Fat Cell

    Animation

    (2 min 49 sec) The PPAR-gamma receptor activates certain genes in a fat cell, resulting in the storage of fat and changes in hormone levels.

  • Watson constructing base pair models

    Watson constructing base pair models

    Clip

    (1 min 42 sec) During the process of trying to elucidate the structure of DNA, Jim Watson made some cardboard models to try to understand how DNA nucleotides are paired. It helped him visualize how hydrogen atoms of paired nucleotides interact with each other to form a symmetrical structure that fits the double helix model.

  • Triplet code

    Triplet code

    Animation

    (1 min 8 sec) Once the structure of DNA was discovered, the next challenge was determining how the sequence of letters coded for the 20 amino acids. In theory, one or two letters can only code for 4 or 16 amino acids, respectively. A scheme using three letters, a triplet code, is the minimum necessary to encode for all the amino acids.

  • DNA transcription (advanced detail)

    DNA transcription (advanced detail)

    Animation

    (1 min 55 sec) The process of copying DNA into messenger RNA (mRNA) is called transcription. Transcription factors assemble at the promoter region of a gene, bringing an RNA polymerase enzyme to form the transcription initiation complex. Activator proteins at the enhancer region of DNA then activate the transcription initiation complex. RNA polymerase unzips a small portion of the DNA and copies one strand into an mRNA molecule. Also available in Spanish.

  • DNA transcription (basic detail)

    DNA transcription (basic detail)

    Animation

    (1 min 55 sec) The first phase of the process of reading DNA information to make proteins starts with a molecule unzipping the DNA. The molecule then copies one of the strands of DNA into a strand of RNA, a close cousin of DNA. This process is called transcription. Also available in Spanish.

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