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  • Film Guide for Nature’s Cutest Symbiosis: The Bobtail Squid

    Film Guide for Nature’s Cutest Symbiosis: The Bobtail Squid

    Film Guide

    The following classroom-ready resources complement the film Nature’s Cutest Symbiosis: The Bobtail Squid. It tells the story of the how the bobtail squid evolved to be able to avoid predators with the help of microbes.

  • Scientific Inquiry and Data Analysis Using WildCam Gorongosa

    Scientific Inquiry and Data Analysis Using WildCam Gorongosa

    Activity

    In this activity, students will be guided through making observations from trail camera data in Gorongosa National Park, the development and investigation of a scientifically testable research question, and analysis of their results.

  • Biodiversity Studies in Gorongosa

    Biodiversity Studies in Gorongosa

    Activity

    In this activity, students will calculate species richness, evenness, and the Shannon diversity index for various habitat types using data from trail cameras in Gorongosa National Park, and then investigate the impact of human activity in these habitats.

  • Film Guide for Termites Digest Wood Thanks to Microbes

    Film Guide for Termites Digest Wood Thanks to Microbes

    Film Guide

    The following classroom-ready resources complement the film Termites Digest Wood Thanks To Microbes. It tells the story of the how termites evolved with the help of microbes passed down through a social behavior which enables them to digest wood.

  • A World Without Microbes: An Apocalyptic Thought Experiment

    A World Without Microbes: An Apocalyptic Thought Experiment

    Feature Film

    (7 min 1 sec) A world without microbes seems at first like a utopia without bacterial infections, mildew, or mold. But let’s take a deeper look.

  • Film Guide for How Tube Worms Survive at Hydrothermal Vents

    Film Guide for How Tube Worms Survive at Hydrothermal Vents

    Film Guide

    The following classroom-ready resources complement the film How Tube Worms Survive in Hydrothermal Vents. It tells the story of the symbiotic relationship between the giant tube worm, Riftia pachyptila, and chemosynthetic bacteria.

  • Niche Partitioning and DNA Metabarcoding

    Niche Partitioning and DNA Metabarcoding

    Click & Learn

    This interactive explores niche partitioning as a mechanism that enables similar species of animals to coexist.

  • How Giant Tube Worms Survive at Hydrothermal Vents

    How Giant Tube Worms Survive at Hydrothermal Vents

    Feature Film

    (10 min 20 sec) Deep at the bottom of the Pacific Ocean, an amazing bacterial discovery reshaped our view of life on earth.

  • BiomeViewer

    BiomeViewer

    Click & Learn

    An interactive to explore biomes, climate, biodiversity, and human impacts across the globe.

  • EarthViewer

    EarthViewer

    Click & Learn

    Download the accompanying student worksheet under "Downloads." What did Earth look like 250 million years ago? Or 1 billion years ago? Or 4.5 billion years ago? EarthViewer is an interactive tool that allows you to explore the science of Earth's deep history.

  • Seed Dispersal and Habitat Fragmentation

    Seed Dispersal and Habitat Fragmentation

    Scientists at Work

    (8 min 3 sec) Watch researchers follow brown spider monkeys in a tropical forest of Colombia to determine which plant seeds they are dispersing. Seed dispersers are critical to the forest’s ability to grow and regenerate. 

  • WildCam Darién

    WildCam Darién

    Click & Learn

    Researchers in Darién and Soberanía National Parks use remote trail cameras to study jaguars and their prey. You can contribute to this important research through WildCam Darién, an online citizen science platform.

  • The Effects of Fungicides on Bumble Bee Colonies

    The Effects of Fungicides on Bumble Bee Colonies

    Scientists at Work

    (6 min 25 sec) Are fungicides safe for bumble bees? Entomologist Shawn Steffan designed an experiment to answer this question.

  • Tagging Bumble Bees to Study Their Movements

    Tagging Bumble Bees to Study Their Movements

    Scientists at Work

    (6 min 1 sec) Graduate student Jeremy Hemberger designs an experiment to study the foraging behavior of bumble bees in different habitats.

  • Niche Partitioning Activity

    Niche Partitioning Activity

    Activity

    Students are introduced to real-world examples of niche partitioning and cutting-edge technology used to give unprecedented insights into the feeding habits of wild animals.

  • Moth Mimicry: Using Ultrasound to Avoid Bats

    Moth Mimicry: Using Ultrasound to Avoid Bats

    Scientists at Work

    (10 min 24 sec) This video follows scientists as they uncover the ways in which moth species in Gorongosa National Park use ultrasound to avoid being eaten by bats.

  • WildCam Lab

    WildCam Lab

    Click & Learn

    The WildCam Lab is a part of WildCam Gorongosa, an online citizen science platform where users identify animals in trail camera photos. Using the WildCam Lab, students can investigate ecological questions and test hypotheses by exploring trail camera data using an interactive map. 

  • Slug Power

    Slug Power

    Phenomenal Image

    Students explore photos of a sea slug and chloroplasts as anchoring phenomena to explore photosynthesis concepts.

  • A Science-Based Approach to Restoring Gorongosa's Wildlife

    A Science-Based Approach to Restoring Gorongosa's Wildlife

    Scientists at Work

    (7 min 45 sec) Scientists from Gorongosa National Park relocate zebras from a nearby reserve as part of the effort to restore healthy wildlife populations.

  • Surveying Ant Diversity in Gorongosa National Park

    Surveying Ant Diversity in Gorongosa National Park

    Scientists at Work

    (7 min 46 sec) Conservation biologist Leeanne Alonso is surveying ant species Gorongosa National Park to monitor the health of the park’s ecosystems

  • Animated Life: The Living Fossil Fish

    Animated Life: The Living Fossil Fish

    Animated Short

    (7 min 18 sec) This animated short film tells the engaging tale of the discovery of the coelacanth.

  • Mass Extinctions Interactive

    Mass Extinctions Interactive

    Click & Learn

    Discover the environmental factors that caused the five big mass extinctions in Earth’s history and which species they impacted.

  • Gorongosa: Using Citizen Science to Study Ecology

    Gorongosa: Using Citizen Science to Study Ecology

    Short Course

    This course connects you to actual ecological research in Gorongosa National Park in Mozambique. Gorongosa was once a thriving national park, until decades of war decimated the park’s large...

  • Lesson 8 - WildCam Gorongosa: Data Analysis

    Lesson 8 - WildCam Gorongosa: Data Analysis

    Activity

    In this activity, students will collect actual data from WildCam Gorongosa and use those data to create graphs and answer an ecological question of their choice.

  • Lesson 7 - Observations Across Habitats

    Lesson 7 - Observations Across Habitats

    Activity

    In this lesson, students will compare wildlife in two different habitats by making observations using sets of trail camera photos. They will then use these observations to formulate questions for further study.

  • Lesson 6 - Biomes and Landscapes

    Lesson 6 - Biomes and Landscapes

    Activity

    In this lesson, students will use an interactive map of Gorongosa National Park to learn about biomes. They will then explore E.O. Wilson’s Life on Earth iBook to learn about the varied landscapes and vegetation types in Gorongosa.

  • Lesson 4 - Gorongosa's Food Webs

    Lesson 4 - Gorongosa's Food Webs

    Activity

    In this lesson, students will learn about how food webs are constructed and trophic levels in an ecological community. They will then use animals that they identify in WildCam Gorongosa to construct food chains and food webs, and study the impacts of disturbances.

  • Lesson 3 - Scientific Inquiry with WildCam Gorongosa

    Lesson 3 - Scientific Inquiry with WildCam Gorongosa

    Activity

    In this lesson, students will use WildCam Gorongosa to start making observations and generating scientific questions using a single trail camera photo.

  • Lesson 2 - Gorongosa National Park

    Lesson 2 - Gorongosa National Park

    Activity

    In this lesson students will learn about the history of Gorongosa National Park and the ongoing restoration effort through readings and videos.

  • Lesson 1 - WildCam Gorongosa

    Lesson 1 - WildCam Gorongosa

    Activity

    In this lesson students will learn how to use WildCam Gorongosa and get introduced to some of the animals in the park.

  • Niche Partitioning and Species Coexistence

    Niche Partitioning and Species Coexistence

    Scientists at Work

    (8 min 14 sec) Professor Robert Pringle describes the cutting-edge method of DNA metabarcoding used to reveal how similar animals share resources. Film and worksheet also available in Spanish.

  • The Science of Camera Traps

    The Science of Camera Traps

    Lecture

    (23 min 44 sec) A discussion of camera traps and their use in ecological research.

  • Conserving and Restoring Ecosystems

    Conserving and Restoring Ecosystems

    Lecture

    (25 min 21 sec) Two important questions in ecology are "How do we conserve ecosystems?" and  "When we try to restore damaged ecosystems, what state do we restore them to?"

  • How Species Coexist

    How Species Coexist

    Lecture

    (27 min 25 sec) Large herbivores in the African savanna coexist by partitioning ecological niches by time, space, and diet.

  • Patterns and Processes in Ecology

    Patterns and Processes in Ecology

    Lecture

    What controls the numbers and distributions of animals in their environment? How do animals interact with other species? How do natural patterns arise in nature? Find out in the 2015 Holiday Lectures on Science.

  • iTunes U Course: Gorongosa: Using Citizen Science to Study Ecology

    iTunes U Course: Gorongosa: Using Citizen Science to Study Ecology

    Click & Learn

    This iTunes U course teaches concepts in ecology and scientific inquiry through a citizen science project in Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique.

  • WildCam Gorongosa

    WildCam Gorongosa

    Click & Learn

    Researchers in Gorongosa National Park use remote trail cameras to study the park’s wildlife. You can contribute to this important research through WildCam Gorongosa, an online citizen science platform.

  • Creating Chains and Webs to Model Ecological Relationships

    Creating Chains and Webs to Model Ecological Relationships

    Activity

    Students use cards to build model food webs and evaluate how ecological disturbances affect each trophic level. Also available in Spanish.

  • Gorongosa National Park

    Gorongosa National Park

    Collection

    Gorongosa National Park in Mozambique was once a thriving national park, until a civil war decimated the park’s large animal populations and halted tourism. A new long-term restoration project is...

  • Exploring Biomes in Gorongosa National Park

    Exploring Biomes in Gorongosa National Park

    Activity

    Gorongosa National Park in Mozambique is a region with high ecological diversity that encompasses two distinct biomes. This activity introduces students to the concept of biomes in conjunction with the Gorongosa National Park interactive map click and learn

  • Coral Bleaching Activity

    Coral Bleaching Activity

    Activity

    This is a classroom activity in which students use authentic data to assess the threat of coral bleaching around the world. It supports the 2014 Holiday Lectures on Science video featuring Dr. Stephen Palumbi.

  • Steve Palumbi & Megan Morikawa Study Coral Reef Damage in American Samoa

    Steve Palumbi & Megan Morikawa Study Coral Reef Damage in American Samoa

    Scientists at Work

    (7 min 1 sec) Field research on coral bleaching suggests possibilities for saving threatened reefs.

  • Saving Biodiversity Discussion

    Saving Biodiversity Discussion

    Lecture

    (57 min 28 sec) A sixty-minute discussion on biodiversity.

  • Dodging Extinction

    Dodging Extinction

    Lecture

    (31 min 12 sec) What steps can be taken to avoid the sixth mass extinction?

  • Ocean Species Respond to Climate Change

    Ocean Species Respond to Climate Change

    Lecture

    (29 min 39 sec) Coral reefs, how they are threatened by climate change, and how to protect them.

  • Extreme Life of the Sea

    Extreme Life of the Sea

    Lecture

    (29 min 27 sec) The threat to biodiversity in the ocean differs from the threats on the land.

  • Rescuing Species

    Rescuing Species

    Lecture

    (29 min 1 sec) How to preserve genetic diversity that is threatened by habitat loss.

  • Humans, Biodiversity, and Habitat Loss

    Humans, Biodiversity, and Habitat Loss

    Lecture

    (33 min 4 sec) Human activities and their effects on biodiversity in the past, present, and future.

  • Learning from Past Extinctions

    Learning from Past Extinctions

    Lecture

    (29 min 6 sec) There is still time to avoid a sixth mass extinction.

  • The Lone Anole

    The Lone Anole

    Phenomenal Image

    Students explore a photo of an anole lizard as an anchoring phenomenon to explore adaptations and natural selection

  • Lizard Evolution Virtual Lab App

    Lizard Evolution Virtual Lab App

    Apps and eBooks

    The Lizard Evolution Virtual Lab app lets you explore the evolution of the anole lizards in the Caribbean on your iOS device.

  • The Anthropocene: Human Impact on the Environment

    The Anthropocene: Human Impact on the Environment

    Click & Learn

    Explore key human impacts on the environment and how they have affected Earth’s landscape, ocean, atmosphere, and biodiversity with this engaging interactive. 

  • The Making of Mass Extinctions

    The Making of Mass Extinctions

    Poster

    Discover the environmental factors that caused the five big mass extinctions in Earth’s history and which species they impacted.

  • Anthony Barnosky and Kaitlin Maguire Measure Mammal Extinctions at the John Day Fossil Beds

    Anthony Barnosky and Kaitlin Maguire Measure Mammal Extinctions at the John Day Fossil Beds

    Scientists at Work

    (9 min 15 sec) Prehistoric extinction rates are calculated from fossil data in a paleodatabase and compared to today’s extinction rate.

  • Liz Hadly Tracks the Impact of Climate Change in Yellowstone

    Liz Hadly Tracks the Impact of Climate Change in Yellowstone

    Scientists at Work

    (7 min 28 sec) Ecosystems in the world-famous national park are threatened by warming temperatures.

  • Gorongosa Timeline

    Gorongosa Timeline

    Click & Learn

    A highly visual interactive timeline for exploring the history of Gorongosa National Park, from its beginnings as a hunting reserve and decline in the wake of a civil war, to its return to being one of the world’s foremost wildlife treasures and case studies in conservation biology.  

  • The Anthropocene—Human Impact on the Environment

    The Anthropocene—Human Impact on the Environment

    Poster

    The poster supporting the 2014 Holiday Lectures, Biodiversity in the Age of Humans, illustrates many ways that humans are affecting the earth.

  • Film Guides: The Guide: A Biologist in Gorongosa

    Film Guides: The Guide: A Biologist in Gorongosa

    Film Guide

    The following classroom-ready resources complement The Guide: A Biologist in Gorongosa, which tells the story of Tonga Torcida, a young man coming of age on Mount Gorongosa and in the newly revitalized Gorongosa National Park in Mozambique.

  • Gorongosa National Park Interactive Map

    Gorongosa National Park Interactive Map

    Click & Learn

    This interactive map of Gorongosa National Park allows users to explore different features of the park, including key components of the conservation strategy. 

  • Biodiversity in the Age of Humans

    Biodiversity in the Age of Humans

    Lecture

    Are we witnessing a sixth mass extinction? What factors threaten ecosystems on land and in the sea? What are researchers doing to try to conserve biodiversity and ecosystems?

  • The Guide: A Biologist in Gorongosa

    The Guide: A Biologist in Gorongosa

    Short Film

    (34 min 22 sec) Set against the restoration of war-torn Gorongosa National Park in Mozambique, The Guide tells the story of a young man from the local community who discovers a passion for science after meeting world-renowned biologist E.O. Wilson.  Also available in Spanish.

  • Lizard Evolution Virtual Lab

    Lizard Evolution Virtual Lab

    Virtual Lab

    In the Lizard Evolution Virtual Lab students explore the evolution of the anole lizards in the Caribbean by collecting and analyzing their own data.  

  • Discovering the Wallace Line

    Discovering the Wallace Line

    Activity

    This activity supports the HHMI short film The Origin of Species: The Making of a Theory. Students are presented with a map of the Malay Archipelago and some field notebooks with observations of animals. By plotting which animals are found on which island, the students discover the Wallace Line—a sharp boundary that separates distinct Asian and Australian fauna. 

  • Beaks As Tools: Selective Advantage in Changing Environments

    Beaks As Tools: Selective Advantage in Changing Environments

    Activity

    This classroom experiment supports the film The Origin of Species: The Beak of the Finch. Students collect and analyze data to learn why even slight variations in beak size can make the difference between life and death.

  • Using DNA to Explore Lizard Phylogeny

    Using DNA to Explore Lizard Phylogeny

    Activity

    This activity supports the film The Origin of Species: Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree. Students are guided to sort the lizard species by appearance, then generate a phylogenetic tree using the lizards’ DNA sequences to evaluate whether species that appear similar are closely related to each other.

  • Film Guides: The Origin of Species: Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree

    Film Guides: The Origin of Species: Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree

    Film Guide

    The following classroom-ready resources complement The Origin of Species: Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree. Research on the anole lizards is enriching our understanding of evolutionary processes, such as adaptation by natural selection, convergent evolution, and the formation of new species. Also available in Spanish.

  • Film Guides: The Origin of Species: The Beak of the Finch

    Film Guides: The Origin of Species: The Beak of the Finch

    Film Guide

    The following classroom-ready resources complement The Origin of Species: The Beak of the Finch. By following four decades of research on the finches of the Galápagos islands, the film illustrates how geography and ecology can drive the evolution of new species.

  • Poster: Winogradsky Column—Microbial Evolution in a Bottle

    Poster: Winogradsky Column—Microbial Evolution in a Bottle

    Poster

    A poster from the 2012 Holiday Lectures on Science, Changing Planet: Past, Present, Future. It shows the different organisms and metabolic diversity that results in a miniature model called a Winogradsky column.

  • Foraminifera—Earth's Microscopic Recordkeepers

    Foraminifera—Earth's Microscopic Recordkeepers

    Poster

    A poster from the 2012 Holiday Lectures on Science, Changing Planet: Past, Present, Future. It details the importance of foraminifera, known as "forams" for short, in discovering significant changes in Earth's past. 

  • Human Evolution Within the Tree of Life

    Human Evolution Within the Tree of Life

    Poster

    The poster from the 2011 Holiday Lectures on Science, Bones, Stones and Genes: The Origin of Modern Humans. It provides a unique look at the classic "tree of life" and features a timeline of various hominid fossils and their stone tool usage.

  • Viral Diversity

    Viral Diversity

    Poster

    The poster from the 2010 Holiday Lectures, Viral Outbreak: The Science of Emerging Disease, illustrating the size, geometry, and different classifications of viruses.

  • Biodiversity and Evolutionary Trees

    Biodiversity and Evolutionary Trees

    Activity

    Construct evolutionary trees by sorting seashells. To accompany the lecture series Exploring Biodiversity: The Search for New Medicines and the Sorting Seashells Click and Learn interactive.

  • Bacterial Quorum Sensing

    Bacterial Quorum Sensing

    Click & Learn

    Understand how quorum sensing works by reasoning through experiments involving genetically-engineered bioluminescent bacteria.

  • Symbiotic Bioluminescence

    Symbiotic Bioluminescence

    Click & Learn

    Explore the biology of the symbiotic relationship between the Hawaiian Bobtail squid and bioluminescent bacteria Vibrio fischeri.

  • Sorting Seashells

    Sorting Seashells

    Click & Learn

    Explore principles of taxonomy by sorting seashells according to their morphological characteristics and constructing an evolutionary tree.

  • Q&A on Cone Snails

    Q&A on Cone Snails

    Lecture

    (9 min 18 sec) In this ten-minute Q&A session, Dr. Olivera answers questions on cone snail behavior, venoms, and biodiversity.

  • Biodiversity Discussion

    Biodiversity Discussion

    Lecture

    (1 hr 16 min 30 sec) A discussion on biodiversity, endangered habitats, and how best to preserve the Earth's ecosystems, presented by the lecturers along with Dr. E.O. Wilson and Dr. Eric Chivian.

  • Eavesdropping on Tiny Conspiracies

    Eavesdropping on Tiny Conspiracies

    Lecture

    (58 min 29 sec) The quorum sensing system is a target for a new class of drugs that interfere with virulence without killing bacteria.

  • Biodiversity at a Snail's Pace

    Biodiversity at a Snail's Pace

    Lecture

    (58 min 29 sec) Cone snails have evolved many different toxins for different uses. Total molecular biodiversity may number in the millions.

  • Shedding Light on an Invisible World

    Shedding Light on an Invisible World

    Lecture

    (58 min 29 sec) Bacteria are capable of communicating and coordinating their activities with a molecular signaling system called quorum sensing.

  • From Venoms to Drugs

    From Venoms to Drugs

    Lecture

    (58 min 29 sec) Venomous carniverous cone snails are a rich source of molecules for scientific research and potential drug development.

  • Exploring Biodiversity: The Search for New Medicines

    Exploring Biodiversity: The Search for New Medicines

    Lecture

    What medical secrets do venomous snails hold? How can listening in on bacterial conversations help develop new antibiotics? In four presentations, Dr. Bonnie L. Bassler and Dr. Baldomero M. Olivera reveal how a deeper understanding of nature and biodiversity informs their research into new medicines.

  • Cone Snails: Versatile Hunters

    Cone Snails: Versatile Hunters

    Clip

    (13 min 39 sec) Dr. Jason Biggs of the University of Guam Marine Laboratory discusses the anatomy of cone snails and introduces us to a variety of cone snail species with different tactics to hunt and capture their prey.

  • Deep nets to harvest Turrids

    Deep nets to harvest Turrids

    Clip

    (1 min 43 sec) Fishermen harvest deep-sea species of venomous snails by retrieving a net that had been deployed months ago.

  • Philippines Biodiversity

    Philippines Biodiversity

    Clip

    (2 min 8 sec) The Philippines archipelago is rich in marine biodiversity, including venomous octopus and venomous snails.

  • Surrounded by the Ocean: Philippine Maritime Culture, Biodiversity, and Research

    Surrounded by the Ocean: Philippine Maritime Culture, Biodiversity, and Research

    Scientists at Work

    (11 min 56 sec) A mini-documentary illustrating the importance of the ocean to the Filipino way of life, and how that close connection helps biodiversity research.

  • Conus tulipa hunts fish by net

    Conus tulipa hunts fish by net

    Clip

    (1 min 7 sec) Unlike a hook-and-line type fish-hunter, a net-hunting cone snail lures its prey into its wide mouth.

  • Conus textile strikes a snail

    Conus textile strikes a snail

    Clip

    (44 sec) A snail-hunting species of cone snail stings its prey repeatedly, inducing the prey to thrash about.

  • Conus striatus strikes a fish

    Conus striatus strikes a fish

    Clip

    (44 sec) A species of fish-hunting cone snail quickly immobilizes its prey and swallows it.

  • Conus imperialis strikes a worm

    Conus imperialis strikes a worm

    Clip

    (31 sec) A worm-hunting cone snail species feeds on fireworms, and is unaffected by the prey's sharp bristles.

  • Demonstration: Conus geographus can kill you

    Demonstration: Conus geographus can kill you

    Clip

    (1 min 35 sec) Larger cone snails produce more venom and are more dangerous to human beings in an accidental stinging.

  • Conus catus strikes a fish

    Conus catus strikes a fish

    Clip

    (1 min 11 sec) A fish-hunting cone snail strikes its prey with a venomous harpoon, causes paralysis, and eats it.

  • Conus bullatus "lightning strike"

    Conus bullatus "lightning strike"

    Clip

    (1 min 10 sec) This species of cone snail immobilizes its prey in a split second with lightning-strike cabal toxins.

  • Demonstration: Live Cone Snail

    Demonstration: Live Cone Snail

    Clip

    (1 min 3 sec) Dr. Olivera demonstrates a live specimen of Conus striatus.

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