Multiple jury prizes were awarded in recognition of contributions advancing technology to automate an important but tedious component of neuroscience research.
If Howard Chang has his way, there will soon be an iPhone app for dialing in RNA structures.
A handful of antibiotic-resistant bacteria can protect an entire colony.
A rare skin disease provides the first example of a disease-causing mutation that spontaneously reverts, producing healthy skin.
With the help of yeast and fruit flies, researchers have identified a distorted gene that appears to be among the most common genetic risk factors for amyotrophic laterial sclerosis (ALS), the devastating neurodegenerative disease also known as Lou Gehrig's disease.
Health officials have held off from recommending an inexpensive malaria drug for widespread use because of concerns about drug resistance. New research drawn from 10 years of field and laboratory studies suggests the drug may be a safe and effective way to prevent malaria.
HHMI researchers develop tiny life-support packets for therapeutic cells.
A cooperative online game has attracted 50,000 players whose “distributed thinking” has, in some cases, proven more powerful than computers in predicting the structure of proteins.
A type of prostate cell that has been largely ignored by cancer researchers can trigger malignant prostate cancer.
Janelia Farm researchers show it takes steady hands to measure the brain activity of a fruit fly while it is walking.
HHMI researchers discover that induced pluripotent stem cells retain a genetic memory of their tissue of origin.
A protein that is already the target of experimental drugs that aim to extend life is now known to play a key role in learning and memory.
An ambitious new analysis in mice demonstrates that for more than 1,300 genes active in the brain, there is a significant bias as to which copy is active—the one inherited from the mother or the one that came from the father.
Researchers have identified signaling pathways by which the normal prion protein switches on the general protein synthesis necessary to promote the growth and development of brain cells.
A new imaging method will allow researchers to study speedy cell processes over hours and days rather than seconds, and to examine how morphological defects arise in developing animals.
Five teams will compete in the final round of an international scientific challenge designed to speed development of new computational tools to accurately and automatically reconstruct the shape of brain cells.
Babies delivered via Cesarean section harbor a different ecosystem of bacteria than babies born vaginally.
Jumping genes, thought to have settled down over millions of years of evolution, may be an ongoing source of genetic variation between individuals.
The mucosal immune system is often the first to tangle with microbial invaders. To better understand it, scientists should focus on the interplay between the mucosal immune system and friendly microbes.
Researchers have identified a set of hybrid genes that may accelerate the growth of prostate cancer, gastric cancer, and melanoma.
The prestigious $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize honors outstanding mid-career inventors dedicated to improving the world through technological invention and innovation.
A pediatric kidney cancer called Wilms tumor may, with just a few genetic changes, hijack pathways that ordinarily drive development of normal kidney tissue.
HHMI researcher Thomas C. Sudhof shares the 2010 Kavli Prize in Neuroscience with Richard H. Scheller and James E. Rothman.
A new genetic analysis suggests that the strains of influenza circulating in the United States can migrate to the rest of the world.
A mysterious swallowing disorder bears similarities to a disease that afflicts parrots and other exotic birds.
A genome-wide search reveals a genetic survival pathway that is switched on in many of the most aggressive glioblastomas.
A unique analysis of environmental contributors to type 2 diabetes has confirmed a link between several pollutants and the disease, while also pointing toward a form of vitamin E as a possible risk factor.
A groundbreaking comparison of human and Neandertal genomes reveals astonishingly few differences in the DNA that codes for proteins.
Scientists have new clues about what makes some people's immune systems better equipped to control HIV.
In a new study investigating just how pervasive a fruit fly’s sexual identity actually is, researchers find that most cells in flies’ bodies are identical, regardless of whether they are in a male or a female.
El parásito intestinal Giardia lamblia cambia de vestimenta casi tan frecuentemente como una modelo en una pasarela parisina, pero su amplio guardarropa de proteínas superficiales podría en realidad ser su propia perdición. Parásitos Giardia diseñados para que expresen todas sus proteínas de superficie se comportaron como vacunas que podrían ayudar a prevenir o a atenuar futuras infecciones intestinales.
A Giardia parasite engineered to express its extensive wardrobe of surface proteins worked as a vaccine that could help prevent or mitigate future intestinal infections.
By switching off a single gene, researchers have created mice that behave much like people with obsessive-compulsive disorder. The animal model could help scientists design new therapies for the debilitating condition.
Some bacteria take over cells by interfering with an important process called SUMOylation, which helps cells respond to stress.
On May 26, Egnor will give a free public lecture titled, "Whistling in the Dark: What Can Mouse Vocalizations Tell Us about the Brain?"
Scientists have uncovered thousands of DNA segments that were missing from the reference sequence of the human genome.
A molecule best known for fighting off cellular clutter is now recognized as an important defender against another cellular threat: viruses.
New research provides details of how genetic mismanagement by RNA can lead to a human disease—in this case, breast cancer.
New research suggests that training to do a new task causes groups of brain cells to “learn” how to work together more efficiently.
A new discovery shows how wing spots evolved in a species of polka-dotted fruit fly, and underscores the concept that evolution likes to tinker with existing genetic machinery.
Kaelin is one of five scientists honored with the 2010 Canada Gairdner International Award in recognition of their contributions to medical science.
New research reveals how genetic and environmental factors influence an organ that has not traditionally taken much of the blame for diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Researchers have identified key cells involved in zebrafish heart regeneration and begun to decipher the instructions the cells use to carry out their work.
New studies of how the heart develops in mouse embryos have brought researchers closer to understanding how to induce the body’s own cells to rebuild damaged arteries.
Scientists have found several new ways to kill M. tuberculosis, which could lead to the development of alternative drugs.
An ambitious survey has identified differences in the binding of master regulators called transcription factors that affect how genes are expressed in different people.
In a discovery that may one day aid law enforcement in identifying suspects, researchers have found that skin bacteria left behind on keyboards and computer mice can identify the objects’ users.
A new software package promises to greatly speed up scientists’ ability to assemble and manipulate extremely detailed microscope images.
Experiments with an artificial cell surface demonstrate that a tumor’s aggressiveness is strongly correlated to its mechanical pulling power.
New findings about an often fatal neurodegenerative disease suggest that helping a beneficial protein linger a little longer could promote neuron survival.
Researchers have discovered how one New World hemorrhagic fever virus latches onto and infects human cells, offering a much-needed lead toward new treatments.
Las fiebres hemorrágicas del Nuevo Mundo son enfermedades infecciosas emergentes que se encuentran en Sudamérica y que pueden causar síntomas terribles, similares a los del Ébola. Investigadores del HHMI han descubierto exactamente cómo un virus de fiebre hemorrágica del Nuevo Mundo se adhiere e infecta a las células humanas, lo que ofrece una pista muy necesaria para lograr nuevos tratamientos.
Jean-Philippe Vielle-Calzada, becario internacional de investigación del Instituto Médico Howard Hughes (HHMI), se preguntó si podría aprender lo suficiente sobre la genética de la reproducción asexual para aplicarla a las plantas que se producen sexualmente.
An HHMI scientist has moved a step closer to turning sexually-reproducing plants into asexual reproducers, a finding that could have profound implications for agriculture.
Endothelial cells keep blood stem cells dividing healthily in a lab dish much longer and more effectively than previous methods of growing the cells.
A new study suggests that gut microbes might one day be grouped along with inadequate exercise and overeating as a cause of obesity and metabolic syndrome.
The mitochondrial genome, long thought to be nearly identical in every cell in the human body, actually varies to a surprising degree.
At the AAAS Annual Meeting, David Anderson discussed how studies of model organisms such as mice and fruit flies can improve scientists' understanding of the neural basis of emotion.
At the AAAS Annual Meeting on Feb. 20, Owen Witte discussed a new tool to understand how cancers grow—and with it a new opportunity to identify novel cancer drugs.
At the AAAS Annual Meeting on Feb. 20, George Daley described the current climate facing stem cell researchers in the United States.
Researchers have created a group of stem cells from patients who have a disorder that causes accelerated aging and bone marrow failure. Using a genetic reprogramming technique to “turn back the molecular clock” in these cells appears to reset the cells and reverses rapid aging.
A new vaccine tested in 100 West African children triggers the immune system to produce antibodies against the malaria parasite at levels normally seen only in adults who have strong resistance to the disease.
Una nueva vacuna que se probó en 100 niños de África Occidental hizo que el sistema inmune produjera anticuerpos contra el parásito de la malaria en niveles que normalmente sólo se observan en adultos que tienen una fuerte resistencia a la enfermedad.
With a collection of tools for rapidly processing changing visual cues, the eyes and brain work together to create meaningful images from raw signals.
Researchers have found the key factors that cause proteins to turn into sticky, fibrous clumps that can grind cellular activity to a halt.
Two groups of HHMI scientists working independently have identified a critical enzyme that allows a malaria-causing parasite to take over and thrive in human red blood cells.
Dos grupos de científicos del HHMI que trabajaban de forma independiente han identificado una enzima crítica que permite que el parásito que causa la malaria controle los glóbulos rojos sanguíneos humanos y prospere en el interior de los mismos.
Researchers have discovered that when DNA-copying machines run head-on into oncoming traffic, they kick the obstacles out of their way.
With the discovery of a sodium taste receptor, researchers have now identified the molecular receptors, cells, and coding logic for all five basic tastes.
HHMI researchers have developed a new method for growing human liver cells outside the body, which may boost efforts to develop a vaccine or treatment for hepatitis C infection.
Researchers have devised a new method that increases the number of blood vessel-forming cells they can make from human embryonic stem cells.
Investigadores han demostrado que distintas mutaciones que causan cáncer en células vecinas pueden cooperar para producir tumores.
Researchers have shown that distinct cancer-causing mutations in neighboring cells can cooperate to produce tumors.
Researchers have new information about how proteins called Argonautes bind to small RNAs and selectively shut down protein production.
Scientists have identified the genetic cause of a rare eye movement disorder and found that specific mutations in the disease gene can cause additional errors in neurodevelopment and neuronal survival.
A newly identified enzyme could help scientists create stem cells and arrest the growth of cancers by giving them the ability to wipe clean cells' developmental slates.
Terrible and swift as anthrax appears to its victims, the deadly toxin takes its time breaking into their cells. The entry of anthrax toxin into its cellular target is part of a carefully-planned, two-pronged attack, scientists have found.
Gerald M. Rubin, director of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute’s Janelia Farm Research Campus, will deliver a public lecture titled “The Fly Brain and Yours—Closer Than You Think,” at Janelia Farm in Ashburn, VA.
Janelia scientists have borrowed a technique from the field of astronomy to overcome biology’s equivalent of the twinkling of stars and the shimmering mirages in desert landscapes.
A small but aggressive fraction of metastatic cancer cells can re-infiltrate the original tumor, boosting its malignant potential.
Una fracción pequeña pero agresiva de células cancerígenas puede reinfiltrar el tumor original, aumentando su potencial maligno.
From the brain's point of view, not every itch is the same. HHMI researchers have identified a new type of itch receptor.
In a tour-de-force of evolutionary sleuthing, researchers have traced a yellow-to-black color change in African fruit flies to five single-letter genetic mutations.
Researchers have identified a naturally occurring human protein that helps prevent infection by H1N1 influenza and other viruses, including West Nile and dengue virus.
A newly identified gene mutation is one of only a handful of mutations outside the X chromosome to be linked to intellectual disability.
A new method for strengthening proteins could lead to improved laundry soap, better nanotechnology, and less expensive cancer drugs.
Comparing the DNA of fish with and without spiny pelvic hindfins provides evidence that evolution can leap rather than shuffle.
Using advanced electron-microscopy and modeling techniques, a team of researchers has determined the structure of a eukaryotic ribosome with unprecedented accuracy.
Scientists have discovered a new type of stem cell in the skin that acts surprisingly like certain stem cells found in embryos: both can generate fat, bone, cartilage, and even nerve cells. These newly-described dermal stem cells may one day prove useful for treating neurological disorders and persistent wounds, such as diabetic ulcers.
HHMI researchers have identified a new factor necessary for the development of medulloblastomas, the most common type of malignant childhood brain cancer.
A protein found in the saliva of ticks may prove to be an attractive target for a new type of Lyme disease vaccine.
Scientists have found that preeclampsia can dramatically increase the likelihood that a woman will experience low thyroid function later in life.
Researchers have developed a new imaging method to track how a person’s brain divides up duties between the two halves.
A new imaging tool lets researchers watch individual neurons in the brains of living animals light up as they work together to control the animal’s behavior.
Scientists have an ambitious new strategy for untangling the evolutionary history of humans and their biological relatives: obtain, preserve, and sequence the DNA of approximately one species for each genus of living mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish.
Variations from DNA's iconic double-helix shape transmit information about where proteins need to bind to make sure the right genes are activated or silenced during development.
New research shows that histones that escape from cells aren’t just a byproduct of sepsis, they’re a ringleader in its development.
Cutting down the amount of fat particles in cells may be an effective way to prevent the dengue fever virus from replicating and spreading.
Nueva investigación muestra que el reducir la cantidad de partículas grasas de las células podría ser una forma eficaz de evitar que el virus de la fiebre del dengue se replique y disemine.
A signaling pathway that guides the early development of animals from flies to humans also helps a regenerating flatworm orient itself from head to tail.