Kaelin is one of five scientists honored with the 2010 Canada Gairdner International Award in recognition of their contributions to medical science.
New research reveals how genetic and environmental factors influence an organ that has not traditionally taken much of the blame for diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Researchers have identified key cells involved in zebrafish heart regeneration and begun to decipher the instructions the cells use to carry out their work.
New studies of how the heart develops in mouse embryos have brought researchers closer to understanding how to induce the body’s own cells to rebuild damaged arteries.
Scientists have found several new ways to kill M. tuberculosis, which could lead to the development of alternative drugs.
An ambitious survey has identified differences in the binding of master regulators called transcription factors that affect how genes are expressed in different people.
In a discovery that may one day aid law enforcement in identifying suspects, researchers have found that skin bacteria left behind on keyboards and computer mice can identify the objects’ users.
A new software package promises to greatly speed up scientists’ ability to assemble and manipulate extremely detailed microscope images.
Experiments with an artificial cell surface demonstrate that a tumor’s aggressiveness is strongly correlated to its mechanical pulling power.
New findings about an often fatal neurodegenerative disease suggest that helping a beneficial protein linger a little longer could promote neuron survival.
Researchers have discovered how one New World hemorrhagic fever virus latches onto and infects human cells, offering a much-needed lead toward new treatments.
Las fiebres hemorrágicas del Nuevo Mundo son enfermedades infecciosas emergentes que se encuentran en Sudamérica y que pueden causar síntomas terribles, similares a los del Ébola. Investigadores del HHMI han descubierto exactamente cómo un virus de fiebre hemorrágica del Nuevo Mundo se adhiere e infecta a las células humanas, lo que ofrece una pista muy necesaria para lograr nuevos tratamientos.
Jean-Philippe Vielle-Calzada, becario internacional de investigación del Instituto Médico Howard Hughes (HHMI), se preguntó si podría aprender lo suficiente sobre la genética de la reproducción asexual para aplicarla a las plantas que se producen sexualmente.
An HHMI scientist has moved a step closer to turning sexually-reproducing plants into asexual reproducers, a finding that could have profound implications for agriculture.
Endothelial cells keep blood stem cells dividing healthily in a lab dish much longer and more effectively than previous methods of growing the cells.
A new study suggests that gut microbes might one day be grouped along with inadequate exercise and overeating as a cause of obesity and metabolic syndrome.
The mitochondrial genome, long thought to be nearly identical in every cell in the human body, actually varies to a surprising degree.
At the AAAS Annual Meeting, David Anderson discussed how studies of model organisms such as mice and fruit flies can improve scientists' understanding of the neural basis of emotion.
At the AAAS Annual Meeting on Feb. 20, Owen Witte discussed a new tool to understand how cancers grow—and with it a new opportunity to identify novel cancer drugs.
At the AAAS Annual Meeting on Feb. 20, George Daley described the current climate facing stem cell researchers in the United States.
Researchers have created a group of stem cells from patients who have a disorder that causes accelerated aging and bone marrow failure. Using a genetic reprogramming technique to “turn back the molecular clock” in these cells appears to reset the cells and reverses rapid aging.
A new vaccine tested in 100 West African children triggers the immune system to produce antibodies against the malaria parasite at levels normally seen only in adults who have strong resistance to the disease.
Una nueva vacuna que se probó en 100 niños de África Occidental hizo que el sistema inmune produjera anticuerpos contra el parásito de la malaria en niveles que normalmente sólo se observan en adultos que tienen una fuerte resistencia a la enfermedad.
With a collection of tools for rapidly processing changing visual cues, the eyes and brain work together to create meaningful images from raw signals.
Researchers have found the key factors that cause proteins to turn into sticky, fibrous clumps that can grind cellular activity to a halt.
Two groups of HHMI scientists working independently have identified a critical enzyme that allows a malaria-causing parasite to take over and thrive in human red blood cells.
Dos grupos de científicos del HHMI que trabajaban de forma independiente han identificado una enzima crítica que permite que el parásito que causa la malaria controle los glóbulos rojos sanguíneos humanos y prospere en el interior de los mismos.
Researchers have discovered that when DNA-copying machines run head-on into oncoming traffic, they kick the obstacles out of their way.
With the discovery of a sodium taste receptor, researchers have now identified the molecular receptors, cells, and coding logic for all five basic tastes.
HHMI researchers have developed a new method for growing human liver cells outside the body, which may boost efforts to develop a vaccine or treatment for hepatitis C infection.
Researchers have devised a new method that increases the number of blood vessel-forming cells they can make from human embryonic stem cells.
Investigadores han demostrado que distintas mutaciones que causan cáncer en células vecinas pueden cooperar para producir tumores.
Researchers have shown that distinct cancer-causing mutations in neighboring cells can cooperate to produce tumors.
Researchers have new information about how proteins called Argonautes bind to small RNAs and selectively shut down protein production.
Scientists have identified the genetic cause of a rare eye movement disorder and found that specific mutations in the disease gene can cause additional errors in neurodevelopment and neuronal survival.
A newly identified enzyme could help scientists create stem cells and arrest the growth of cancers by giving them the ability to wipe clean cells' developmental slates.
Terrible and swift as anthrax appears to its victims, the deadly toxin takes its time breaking into their cells. The entry of anthrax toxin into its cellular target is part of a carefully-planned, two-pronged attack, scientists have found.
Gerald M. Rubin, director of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute’s Janelia Farm Research Campus, will deliver a public lecture titled “The Fly Brain and Yours—Closer Than You Think,” at Janelia Farm in Ashburn, VA.
Janelia scientists have borrowed a technique from the field of astronomy to overcome biology’s equivalent of the twinkling of stars and the shimmering mirages in desert landscapes.
From the brain's point of view, not every itch is the same. HHMI researchers have identified a new type of itch receptor.
A small but aggressive fraction of metastatic cancer cells can re-infiltrate the original tumor, boosting its malignant potential.
Una fracción pequeña pero agresiva de células cancerígenas puede reinfiltrar el tumor original, aumentando su potencial maligno.
In a tour-de-force of evolutionary sleuthing, researchers have traced a yellow-to-black color change in African fruit flies to five single-letter genetic mutations.
Researchers have identified a naturally occurring human protein that helps prevent infection by H1N1 influenza and other viruses, including West Nile and dengue virus.
A newly identified gene mutation is one of only a handful of mutations outside the X chromosome to be linked to intellectual disability.
A new method for strengthening proteins could lead to improved laundry soap, better nanotechnology, and less expensive cancer drugs.
Comparing the DNA of fish with and without spiny pelvic hindfins provides evidence that evolution can leap rather than shuffle.
Using advanced electron-microscopy and modeling techniques, a team of researchers has determined the structure of a eukaryotic ribosome with unprecedented accuracy.
Scientists have discovered a new type of stem cell in the skin that acts surprisingly like certain stem cells found in embryos: both can generate fat, bone, cartilage, and even nerve cells. These newly-described dermal stem cells may one day prove useful for treating neurological disorders and persistent wounds, such as diabetic ulcers.
HHMI researchers have identified a new factor necessary for the development of medulloblastomas, the most common type of malignant childhood brain cancer.