The X and Y chromosomes may have arisen from an identical pair of standard chromosomes approximately 240 to 320 million years ago.
HHMI researchers have illuminated a crucial step in the immune system's response to infection by using live cell imaging to follow the movement of immune system cells that have been genetically manipulated to produce a fluorescent jellyfish protein.
Nuevas evidencias muestran que el origen de los cromosomas sexuales es más antiguo de lo que se pensaba. Los cromosomas X e Y se podrían haber originado a partir de un par idéntico de cromosomas hace aproximadamente entre 240 a 320 millones de años.
HHMI researchers discover that growing neurons must reach a specific intermediate destination by a certain time or risk not receiving critical life-sustaining chemical signals from specialized spinal cord tissue.
Investigadores del HHMI descubrieron que las neuronas en crecimiento tienen un determinado tiempo para alcanzar un destino específico o corren el riesgo de no recibir las seóales químicas, provenientes de tejidos especializados del cord en espinal, que requieren para su supervivencia.
The Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute has awarded the 1999 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine to Günter Blobel.
Günter Blobel gana el Premio Nobel El Comité del Premio Nobel, en el Instituto Karolinska, ha galardonado a Günter Blobel con el Premio Nobel de Fisiología o Medicina 1999.
HHMI researchers have determined the three-dimensional structure of invasin, a protein that allows a close relative of the bubonic plague bacterium to infect intestinal cells and cause food poisoning.
By studying five generations of a Maine family, HHMI researchers have learned how an inherited leukemia develops.
HHMI researchers develop a new class of molecules that can prevent HIV infection of human cells.
A 14-year search for the genetic mutations that trigger a neurodegenerative disease has ended.
A unique hemoglobin is key to a parasitic worm's ability to survive in a world containing oxygen.
New antiviral compounds may prevent HIV infection of cells by disrupting the protein gp41.
A gene crucial to C. elegans mating behavior resembles a gene involved in polycystic kidney disease.
HHMI investigators say that stem cells may prove to be better than viruses for delivering corrective genes to tissues throughout the body.
HHMI investigators have found a gene that determines whether roundworms prefer to eat alone or in a group. Further studies may give a glimpse at the genetic origins of social behavior.
HHMI researchers are making fundamental advances in understanding how genes control the shape and spatial orientation of organs.
Scientists have uncovered a critical mechanism by which light resets the biological clock in flies. This finding could lead to new treatments for jet lag and improved therapies for mood and sleep disorders.
HHMI researchers have used a fragment of HIV to deliver proteins into the cells of living mice.
Two related proteins that act as brakes for a variety of cellular growth processes appear to play a critical role in ensuring that both blood cells and immune system cells are neither overactive nor overabundant.
HHMI researchers have found the first hereditary human sleep disorder that is caused by a single gene. The disorder is passed from generation to generation in the same simple pattern characteristic of traits such as eye color.
HHMI researchers believe their technique can be used to determine the function of all of the fruit fly's genes.
A team of biologists has determined the three-dimensional structure of an enzyme that allows certain bacteria to resist the killing effects of the antibiotic gentamicin. The structure is also shared by a number of proteins involved in basic biological processes, including circadian rhythms and gene regulation.
A genetic mutation common in the most severe forms of muscular dystrophy also predisposes to heart damage.
Two genes that generate the immune system's remarkable diversity are controlled by the same small piece of DNA.
Mice born without a gene that regulates appetite exhibit unexpected attacks of narcolepsy.
A two-tiered boost to the immune system may allow the body to better fight cancer on its own.
New theories about how neural activity and visual stimuli sculpt the developing visual system.
A newly discovered protein in nerve cells holds enzymes poised for action next to their receptor.
Interferon cures only 20 percent of patients infected with hepatitis C virus. HHMI researchers may know the reason why.
Complex mathematical analysis reveals how potassium is allowed to travel across the cell membrane.
Sons conceived with the aid of a popular in vitro fertilization technique carry same genetic mutations that rendered their fathers infertile.
Molecular studies of a family of genes are pruning branches from the old evolutionary tree.
Genetic studies confirm that one gene mutation plays a major role in inherited deafness; the importance of another genetic mutation is called into question.
HHMI researchers discover a gene responsible for triggering embryonic cells in the inner ear to develop into sound- and motion-sensing hair cells.
HHMI researchers have found a protein whose activity controls the shape of a developing organ.
HHMI researchers have discovered a molecule that resembles a component of snake toxins, but has a dramatically different effect on the nervous system.
Nitric oxide prevents programmed cell death by handcuffing the molecular executioner.
Studies of a molecule that causes severe weight loss in cancer patients may yield new drugs to treat obesity.
Two HHMI labs discover a new molecular road sign that directs axons to their proper destination in the central nervous system.
HHMI researchers find that the mahogany protein suppresses obesity and plays a role in the immune system.
With odorant receptor genes from Drosophila in hand, researchers hope to learn how odors influence behavior.
How does the nose discriminate between different odors?
HHMI researchers have developed a versatile method for improving binding properties of potential drugs.
HHMI researchers have identified a gene that influences formation of the chambers of the heart.
Mouse geneticists get a boost with the release of an encyclopedia containing more than 360,000 genetic sequences.
By studying flies that have mutations similar to some cancer patients, HHMI researchers have found a new type of tumor suppressor gene.
Dopamine transporter knockout mice developed by HHMI investigator Marc Caron and colleagues have provided a wealth of information about the molecular nature of some behavioral disorders.
A human cell surface protein that maintains the structural integrity of tissues is also the portal of entry for bacteria and viruses.
HHMI investigators have produced an image of the active form of the HIV enzyme reverse transcriptase. This work may clarify how mutations render HIV resistant to antiviral drugs.