Specific traits that distinguish humans from their closest living relatives can be attributed to the loss of chunks of DNA that control when and where genes are turned on.
With the flick of a genetic light switch, researchers have reduced symptoms of anxiety in laboratory mice.
A new genetic method for labeling cells transforms the tangles of neurons within the brain of a fruit fly into fantastic rainbows of color.
Janelia researchers create a new microscope that uses a thin sheet of light to reveal the dynamic inner life of cells.
Triple-negative tumors lack three traits that can be targeted by available breast cancer treatments. But new findings suggest treatment possibilities for these aggressive cancers may be at hand.
A newly identified genetic marker appears to predict a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder in women, but not in men.
A rapid new method of blocking gene function is letting researchers dissect how stem cell progenitors in the skin split their energy between creating copies of themselves and crafting specialized new cells.
A corrective strategy used by astronomers to sharpen images of celestial bodies can now help scientists see with more depth and clarity into the living brain of a mouse.
Scientists have used next-generation DNA sequencing tools to identify a mutation in a gene that underlies one of the most common forms of severe hypertension.
Neurons that control aggression and mating are closely intertwined deep within the brain.
Researchers gain a new view of how genes are converted to protein by freezing the action during the earliest stage of the process.
Researchers at Stanford University have discovered that they may be able to tweak cancer cells so that they summon their own demise.
In mice with light-sensitive neurons in their brain, illuminating one type of neuron drives the animals to their food bowls, whereas targeting a different type makes them abstain.
After a rapid genetic analysis of bacteria collected from Haitian patients, scientists conclude that the strain of cholera currently sweeping through post-earthquake Haiti originated in South Asia.
HHMI has launched an international competition to select up to 35 early career scientists working at academic institutions in 18 countries on five continents.
A study in fruit flies shows that turning back the clock on aging muscles delays aging in the whole animal.
Safe and effective vaccines could complement efforts to treat those already infected with cholera and provide clean water and sanitation to control its spread.
A new study has pinned some of the symptoms of Rett syndrome to a set of neurons that usually work to rein in nerve cell firing in the brain.
New research suggests rising temperatures in the highlands of East Africa are at least partly to blame for the increase in malaria transmission in recent decades.
A previously overlooked group of cells has been shown to be essential in helping adult stem cells multiply and revitalize damaged tissue.
Through an international study of the genome in persons who control HIV without the need for medications, scientists have identified a handful of amino acids that seem to predict a person’s ability to successfully keep the virus in check.
Researchers have shown that radiation-resistance among tumor stem cells can be dramatically lowered by heating them up.
A new analysis of gene duplication across the human genome reveals far more variation in gene copy number than anticipated.
Research in mice suggests that manipulating a single molecule might help eliminate fears that have been etched into memory.
A new study reveals that many pancreatic tumors take nearly 20 years to become lethal after the first genetic perturbations appear, suggesting an opportunity for early diagnosis.
A pair of international research scholars has discovered a deep connection between the circadian clocks of plants and animals.
Dos becarios internacionales de investigación descubren una profunda conexión entre el reloj circadiano de plantas y animales: un gen que está involucrado en la creación de formas alternativas de proteínas relacionadas con el ritmo circadiano.
Susan Lindquist, an HHMI investigator, and Stephen Benkovic, a member of HHMI's Scientific Review Board, are among ten recipients of this year's National Medal of Science.
Cellular clocks throughout the body are precisely synchronized by tiny fluctuations in body temperature.
Laboratory studies of planarians' reproductive cycles suggest new strategies for treating infections that affect hundreds of millions worldwide.
Four HHMI investigators, an HHMI early career scientist, and a senior fellow at Janelia Farm have been elected to the IOM.
The discovery of an odd couple of genes that team up to trigger rare and difficult-to-detect gastrointestinal stromal tumors could eventually lead to better diagnostics and treatments.
Researchers are inching their way toward a new HIV vaccine strategy by studying the cells of people who have naturally strong immune defenses against the virus.
HHMI and the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation announce a new partnership to support some of the nation's most innovative plant scientists.
Jeffrey Friedman and Douglas Coleman are being honored for discoveries that led to the identification of leptin, a hormone that regulates appetite and body weight.
Mutations that supercharge a cellular garbage disposal may explain why cancer cells can thrive even as their genetic material multiplies out of control.
A targeted search combined with today's rapid DNA sequencing technology leads researchers to a genetic culprit for a rare disease.
Researchers have new details of how an enzyme helps bacteria slice up foreign genetic material.
Most of the clear cell ovarian carcinoma samples examined in a new study carried a gene mutation that alters the epigenetics of cells.
HHMI researchers have found that malaria parasites can produce multiple versions of a protein that causes infected blood cells to grab onto the inner wall of blood vessels.
Multiple jury prizes were awarded in recognition of contributions advancing technology to automate an important but tedious component of neuroscience research.
If Howard Chang has his way, there will soon be an iPhone app for dialing in RNA structures.
A handful of antibiotic-resistant bacteria can protect an entire colony.
A rare skin disease provides the first example of a disease-causing mutation that spontaneously reverts, producing healthy skin.
With the help of yeast and fruit flies, researchers have identified a distorted gene that appears to be among the most common genetic risk factors for amyotrophic laterial sclerosis (ALS), the devastating neurodegenerative disease also known as Lou Gehrig's disease.
Health officials have held off from recommending an inexpensive malaria drug for widespread use because of concerns about drug resistance. New research drawn from 10 years of field and laboratory studies suggests the drug may be a safe and effective way to prevent malaria.
HHMI researchers develop tiny life-support packets for therapeutic cells.
A cooperative online game has attracted 50,000 players whose “distributed thinking” has, in some cases, proven more powerful than computers in predicting the structure of proteins.
A type of prostate cell that has been largely ignored by cancer researchers can trigger malignant prostate cancer.
Janelia Farm researchers show it takes steady hands to measure the brain activity of a fruit fly while it is walking.
HHMI researchers discover that induced pluripotent stem cells retain a genetic memory of their tissue of origin.
A protein that is already the target of experimental drugs that aim to extend life is now known to play a key role in learning and memory.
An ambitious new analysis in mice demonstrates that for more than 1,300 genes active in the brain, there is a significant bias as to which copy is active—the one inherited from the mother or the one that came from the father.
Researchers have identified signaling pathways by which the normal prion protein switches on the general protein synthesis necessary to promote the growth and development of brain cells.
A new imaging method will allow researchers to study speedy cell processes over hours and days rather than seconds, and to examine how morphological defects arise in developing animals.
Five teams will compete in the final round of an international scientific challenge designed to speed development of new computational tools to accurately and automatically reconstruct the shape of brain cells.
Babies delivered via Cesarean section harbor a different ecosystem of bacteria than babies born vaginally.
Jumping genes, thought to have settled down over millions of years of evolution, may be an ongoing source of genetic variation between individuals.
The mucosal immune system is often the first to tangle with microbial invaders. To better understand it, scientists should focus on the interplay between the mucosal immune system and friendly microbes.
Researchers have identified a set of hybrid genes that may accelerate the growth of prostate cancer, gastric cancer, and melanoma.
The prestigious $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize honors outstanding mid-career inventors dedicated to improving the world through technological invention and innovation.
A pediatric kidney cancer called Wilms tumor may, with just a few genetic changes, hijack pathways that ordinarily drive development of normal kidney tissue.
HHMI researcher Thomas C. Sudhof shares the 2010 Kavli Prize in Neuroscience with Richard H. Scheller and James E. Rothman.
A new genetic analysis suggests that the strains of influenza circulating in the United States can migrate to the rest of the world.
A mysterious swallowing disorder bears similarities to a disease that afflicts parrots and other exotic birds.
A genome-wide search reveals a genetic survival pathway that is switched on in many of the most aggressive glioblastomas.
A unique analysis of environmental contributors to type 2 diabetes has confirmed a link between several pollutants and the disease, while also pointing toward a form of vitamin E as a possible risk factor.
A groundbreaking comparison of human and Neandertal genomes reveals astonishingly few differences in the DNA that codes for proteins.
Scientists have new clues about what makes some people's immune systems better equipped to control HIV.
In a new study investigating just how pervasive a fruit fly’s sexual identity actually is, researchers find that most cells in flies’ bodies are identical, regardless of whether they are in a male or a female.
El parásito intestinal Giardia lamblia cambia de vestimenta casi tan frecuentemente como una modelo en una pasarela parisina, pero su amplio guardarropa de proteínas superficiales podría en realidad ser su propia perdición. Parásitos Giardia diseñados para que expresen todas sus proteínas de superficie se comportaron como vacunas que podrían ayudar a prevenir o a atenuar futuras infecciones intestinales.
A Giardia parasite engineered to express its extensive wardrobe of surface proteins worked as a vaccine that could help prevent or mitigate future intestinal infections.
By switching off a single gene, researchers have created mice that behave much like people with obsessive-compulsive disorder. The animal model could help scientists design new therapies for the debilitating condition.
Some bacteria take over cells by interfering with an important process called SUMOylation, which helps cells respond to stress.
On May 26, Egnor will give a free public lecture titled, "Whistling in the Dark: What Can Mouse Vocalizations Tell Us about the Brain?"
Scientists have uncovered thousands of DNA segments that were missing from the reference sequence of the human genome.
A molecule best known for fighting off cellular clutter is now recognized as an important defender against another cellular threat: viruses.
New research provides details of how genetic mismanagement by RNA can lead to a human disease—in this case, breast cancer.
New research suggests that training to do a new task causes groups of brain cells to “learn” how to work together more efficiently.
A new discovery shows how wing spots evolved in a species of polka-dotted fruit fly, and underscores the concept that evolution likes to tinker with existing genetic machinery.
Kaelin is one of five scientists honored with the 2010 Canada Gairdner International Award in recognition of their contributions to medical science.
New research reveals how genetic and environmental factors influence an organ that has not traditionally taken much of the blame for diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Researchers have identified key cells involved in zebrafish heart regeneration and begun to decipher the instructions the cells use to carry out their work.
New studies of how the heart develops in mouse embryos have brought researchers closer to understanding how to induce the body’s own cells to rebuild damaged arteries.
Scientists have found several new ways to kill M. tuberculosis, which could lead to the development of alternative drugs.
An ambitious survey has identified differences in the binding of master regulators called transcription factors that affect how genes are expressed in different people.
In a discovery that may one day aid law enforcement in identifying suspects, researchers have found that skin bacteria left behind on keyboards and computer mice can identify the objects’ users.
A new software package promises to greatly speed up scientists’ ability to assemble and manipulate extremely detailed microscope images.
Experiments with an artificial cell surface demonstrate that a tumor’s aggressiveness is strongly correlated to its mechanical pulling power.
New findings about an often fatal neurodegenerative disease suggest that helping a beneficial protein linger a little longer could promote neuron survival.
Researchers have discovered how one New World hemorrhagic fever virus latches onto and infects human cells, offering a much-needed lead toward new treatments.
Las fiebres hemorrágicas del Nuevo Mundo son enfermedades infecciosas emergentes que se encuentran en Sudamérica y que pueden causar síntomas terribles, similares a los del Ébola. Investigadores del HHMI han descubierto exactamente cómo un virus de fiebre hemorrágica del Nuevo Mundo se adhiere e infecta a las células humanas, lo que ofrece una pista muy necesaria para lograr nuevos tratamientos.
Jean-Philippe Vielle-Calzada, becario internacional de investigación del Instituto Médico Howard Hughes (HHMI), se preguntó si podría aprender lo suficiente sobre la genética de la reproducción asexual para aplicarla a las plantas que se producen sexualmente.
An HHMI scientist has moved a step closer to turning sexually-reproducing plants into asexual reproducers, a finding that could have profound implications for agriculture.
Endothelial cells keep blood stem cells dividing healthily in a lab dish much longer and more effectively than previous methods of growing the cells.
A new study suggests that gut microbes might one day be grouped along with inadequate exercise and overeating as a cause of obesity and metabolic syndrome.
The mitochondrial genome, long thought to be nearly identical in every cell in the human body, actually varies to a surprising degree.
At the AAAS Annual Meeting, David Anderson discussed how studies of model organisms such as mice and fruit flies can improve scientists' understanding of the neural basis of emotion.
At the AAAS Annual Meeting on Feb. 20, Owen Witte discussed a new tool to understand how cancers grow—and with it a new opportunity to identify novel cancer drugs.
At the AAAS Annual Meeting on Feb. 20, George Daley described the current climate facing stem cell researchers in the United States.