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Translation (basic detail)

The ribosome is a molecular factory that translates the genetic information in RNA into a string of amino acids that becomes a protein. Inside the ribosome, the genetic code of the RNA is read three letters at a time and compared with the corresponding code on a transfer molecule. When a match occurs between the codes, the amino acid carried by the transfer molecule is added to the growing protein chain.

Curriculum Connections:

AP Biology (2012–13)
1.B.1.a, 3.A.1.a,b,c, 4.A.1.a,b, 4.A.2.a

IB Biology (2009)
3.4.1-3.4.3, 3.5.1-3.5.5, 7.1.1, 7.2.1-7.2.3, 7.3.1-7.3.4, 7.4.1-7.4.4, 7.4.6, 7.4.7

NGSS (April 2013)
HS-LS1-1 (LS1.A), HS-LS1-4 (LS1.B), HS-LS4-1 (LS4.A)

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Additional Materials

Bulletin Article
Bulletin Article