The ribosome is a molecular factory that translates the genetic information in RNA into a string of amino acids that becomes a protein. Inside the ribosome, the genetic code of the RNA is read three letters at a time and compared with the corresponding code on a transfer molecule. When a match occurs between the codes, the amino acid carried by the transfer molecule is added to the growing protein chain.
AP Biology (2015)
1.B.1.a; 3.A.1.a,b,c; 4.A.1.a,b; 4.A.2.a
IB Biology (2016)
2.3, 2.4, 2.6, 2.7, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3
NGSS (April 2013)
HS-LS1-1 (LS1.A), HS-LS1-4 (LS1.B), HS-LS4-1 (LS4.A)