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Showing 1-36 of 36 Resources
  • Top Notch Model Organism

    Top Notch Model Organism

    Image of the Week

    Close-up of cells in a fruit fly eye at the pupal stage stained with antibodies to the Notch protein.

  • HIV Protease Inhibitors

    HIV Protease Inhibitors

    Activity

    This demonstration models how the HIV protease enzyme functions and how its activity is blocked by a class of anti-HIV drugs.

  • HIV Life Cycle Activities

    HIV Life Cycle Activities

    Collection

    A collection of activities and demonstrations focusing on various aspects of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) life cycle. They are designed to be completed individually or as part of the series...

  • Viral DNA Integration

    Viral DNA Integration

    Activity

    In this hands-on activity, students model how a double-stranded DNA copy of the HIV genome is integrated into the host cell DNA.

  • HIV Reverse Transcription and AZT

    HIV Reverse Transcription and AZT

    Activity

    Students model how the anti-HIV drug AZT (azidothymidine) interferes with the process of viral replication.

  • HIV Receptors and Co-receptors

    HIV Receptors and Co-receptors

    Activity

    This demonstration models the first step of the HIV life cycle: the binding of HIV envelope proteins to receptors on human helper T cells.

  • Designer Proteins

    Designer Proteins

    Image of the Week

    Scientists are custom-designing proteins, like these nanocages with many green fluorescent proteins attached

  • Fellowship of the Rings

    Fellowship of the Rings

    Image of the Week

    The nuclear pore is a complex of three rings of proteins that controls the passage of materials in and out of the nucleus.

  • Efficacy of a Treatment for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

    Efficacy of a Treatment for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

    Data Point

    Dr. Brian Druker and colleagues monitored white blood cell counts in six patients with chronic myeloid leukemia treated with the drug, STI571, which blocks the activity of the cancer-causing tyrosine kinase BCR-ABL.

  • To Brine, Or Not To Brine?

    To Brine, Or Not To Brine?

    Image of the Week

    Soaking your Thanksgiving turkey in a salt solution (brine) alters the arrangement of muscle fiber protein molecules.

  • Seeing Single Molecules Move

    Seeing Single Molecules Move

    Animation

    (1 min 40 sec) Single-molecule analysis using super-resolution microscopes reveals that transcription factors are not usually found bound to their binding sites on DNA.

  • BCR-ABL: Cancer Protein Structure and Function

    BCR-ABL: Cancer Protein Structure and Function

    Click & Learn

    This Click and Learn describes how understanding the structure of the BCR-ABL kinase led to the development of an effective treatment for chronic myeloid leukemia.

  • Gleevec-resistant BCR-ABL: ABL Kinase Domain

    Gleevec-resistant BCR-ABL: ABL Kinase Domain

    3D Model

    A 3D model of gleevec-resistant BCR-ABL, a mutated form of BCR-ABL.

  • BCR-ABL: ABL Kinase Domain

    BCR-ABL: ABL Kinase Domain

    3D Model

    A 3D model of BCR-ABL, an unregulated kinase that causes cancer.

  • Cancer As a Genetic Disease

    Cancer As a Genetic Disease

    Lecture

    (58 min 33 sec) Understanding that cancer is caused by mutations in genes that regulate cell proliferation has led to the development of targeted drug therapies.

  • Gleevec-Resistant Form of Kinase BCR-ABL

    Gleevec-Resistant Form of Kinase BCR-ABL

    Animation

    (2 min 14 sec) Mutations in the BCR-ABL gene can cause resistance to Gleevec, but another drug, dasatinib, can be used instead.

  • Gleevec Inhibits Cancer-Causing Kinase BCR-ABL

    Gleevec Inhibits Cancer-Causing Kinase BCR-ABL

    Animation

    (3 min 31 sec) The drug Gleevec binds to and inactivates BCR-ABL, a mutant kinase that causes chronic myeloid leukemia. 

  • How Do Fibers Form?

    How Do Fibers Form?

    Activity

    A hands-on activity in which students construct models of sickle-cell hemoglobin fibers inside red blood cells to illustrate how changes in the structure of a protein can affect cell shape. Students are then asked to relate these changes to disease symptoms. Also available in Spanish.

  • Natural Selection and Evolution of Rock Pocket Mouse Populations

    Natural Selection and Evolution of Rock Pocket Mouse Populations

    Activity

    An activity in which students analyze amino acid data and draw conclusions about the evolution of coat color phenotypes in different rock pocket mouse populations.

  • Biochemistry and Cell Signaling Pathway of the Mc1r Gene

    Biochemistry and Cell Signaling Pathway of the Mc1r Gene

    Activity

    An advanced lesson that requires students to analyze partial DNA sequences of the Mc1r gene and identify the effects of mutations on the MC1R protein pathway.

  • Structure of Dengue Virus

    Structure of Dengue Virus

    Animation

    (1 min 3 sec) The dengue virus's outer envelope proteins form symmetrical units and overlay the lipid envelope, capsid, and the RNA genome.

  • Biodiversity at a Snail's Pace

    Biodiversity at a Snail's Pace

    Lecture

    (58 min 29 sec) Cone snails have evolved many different toxins for different uses. Total molecular biodiversity may number in the millions.

  • PPAR-delta Activation in the Muscle Cell

    PPAR-delta Activation in the Muscle Cell

    Animation

    (1 min 45 sec) The PPAR-delta receptor activates certain genes in a muscle cell, resulting in the burning of fat.

  • PPAR-gamma Activation in the Fat Cell

    PPAR-gamma Activation in the Fat Cell

    Animation

    (2 min 49 sec) The PPAR-gamma receptor activates certain genes in a fat cell, resulting in the storage of fat and changes in hormone levels.

  • The Proteasome and Protein Regulation

    The Proteasome and Protein Regulation

    Click & Learn

    Learn about the structure and function of this fascinating cellular machine.

  • A Healthy Nervous System: A Delicate Balance

    A Healthy Nervous System: A Delicate Balance

    Lecture

    (58 min 32 sec) Mutations in key genes can lay waste to the nervous system. By studying large families predisposed to developing these genetic disorders, scientists can identify the responsible altered gene.

  • Gleevec

    Gleevec

    Animation

    (1 min 4 sec) Gleevec is a drug designed to interfere with the stimulation of growth in leukemia cells. This 3D animation shows how this is achieved.

  • Triplet code

    Triplet code

    Animation

    (1 min 8 sec) Once the structure of DNA was discovered, the next challenge was determining how the sequence of letters coded for the 20 amino acids. In theory, one or two letters can only code for 4 or 16 amino acids, respectively. A scheme using three letters, a triplet code, is the minimum necessary to encode for all the amino acids.

  • DNA packaging

    DNA packaging

    Animation

    (1 min 44 sec) DNA is tightly packed in the nucleus of every cell. DNA wraps around special proteins called histones, which form loops of DNA called nucleosomes. These nucleosomes coil and stack together to form fibers called chromatin. Chromatin in turn forms larger loops and coils to form chromosomes.

  • CML and Gleevec

    CML and Gleevec

    Animation

    (41 sec) Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is caused by a mutation that leads to an abnormal protein that is always active. The drug Gleevec has a shape that fits into the active site of the abnormal protein and stops its harmful effects.

  • The Proteasome

    The Proteasome

    Animation

    (1 min 44 sec) A 3D animation showing how proteins in the cell are tagged for disposal and degraded by the proteasome.

  • Chemical Genomics: New Tools for Medicine

    Chemical Genomics: New Tools for Medicine

    Lecture

    (58 min 29 sec) Scientists now have the ability to create millions of new molecules. How do they test whether any of these molecules are useful?

  • Probing Genes and Genomes

    Probing Genes and Genomes

    Lecture

    (58 min) To understand life's processes, perturb them. How a process responds to an insult can provide clues about normal function or mimic a specific disease state.

  • Myosin II Mechanism

    Myosin II Mechanism

    Animation

    (57 sec) Myosin II is one of the molecules involved in furrow formation in dividing cells. This animation shows how the molecule operates, and how furrowstatin blocks the mechanism and halts division of a cell.

  • Rapamycin

    Rapamycin

    Animation

    (1 min 10 sec) Rapamycin is a small molecule originally isolated from nature. It has antibiotic and immunosuppressive properties. It also allows two proteins which do not normally interact to bind together in the cell, which causes problems in the nutrient-sensing pathway.

  • Using Small Molecules to Modulate a Protein

    Using Small Molecules to Modulate a Protein

    Animation

    This animation illustrates how a small molecule binds to a protein. As a result of the binding, the protein alters its shape and becomes inactivated.

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