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  • Film Guides: The Double Helix

    Film Guides: The Double Helix

    Film Guide

    The following classroom-ready resources complement The Double Helix. This short film describes the evidence that led James Watson and Francis Crick to the discovery of the double-helical structure of DNA and how the structure immediately revealed how genetic information is stored and inherited.

  • Sanger method of DNA sequencing

    Sanger method of DNA sequencing

    Animation

    (52 sec) Fred Sanger developed the first technique for sequencing DNA. DNA is replicated in the presence of chemically altered versions of the A, C, G, and T bases. These bases stop the replication process when they are incorporated into the growing strand of DNA, resulting in varying lengths of short DNA. These short DNA strands are ordered by size, and by reading the end letters from the shortest to the longest piece, the whole sequence of the original DNA is revealed.