Human genome sequencing


The public Human Genome Project started by identifying unique marker sequences distributed throughout the genome. Then, many copies of a small section of DNA were randomly cleaved into smaller fragments, and each small fragment was sequenced. Because there were originally many copies of the DNA in question, many fragments represented the same part of the genome. These were aligned by identifying overlapping regions of the sequence, and then they were assembled into the original DNA.

(Duration: 01 min 49 sec)
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