The first phase of the process of reading DNA information to make proteins starts with a molecule unzipping the DNA. The molecule then copies one of the strands of DNA into a strand of RNA, a close cousin of DNA. This process is called transcription.
AP Biology (2015)
1.B.1.a; 3.A.1.a,b,c; 4.A.1.a,b
IB Biology (2016)
2.1, 2.3, 2.4, 2.6, 2.7, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3
NGSS (April 2013)
HS-LS1-1 (LS1.A), HS-LS4-1 (LS4.A)