To accompany the lecture series AIDS: Evolution of an Epidemic. In this activity, you simulate taking HIV antiretroviral drugs by using tic tac mints and Kool-Aid packets.
HIV antiretroviral drug therapy can suppress HIV and delay the onset of AIDS for many years. Because HIV has a high mutation rate, treating a patient with only one drug can inadvertently select for a mutant drug resistant strain of HIV. Multi-drug therapies are prescribed so that even if a mutant strain resistant to one drug arises, it will still be suppressed by the other drugs.