Genetic evidence shows that humans evolved in Africa and continue to evolve.
How humans perceive bitter taste, and the evolution of taste perception.
Comparing the artificial selection of dogs and corn with the natural selection of the stickleback fish.
The genetic mechanisms by which evolution occurs, and an overview of the evidence for evolutionary theory.
How and why butterflies and fruit flies got their spots, and the fossil record for human evolution.
Although there are numerous kinds of cancer, all stem from alterations that allow cell division to outstrip cell demise.
The identification of hundreds of genes involved in the formation and spread of cancer is leading to promising new methods for diagnosis, prevention, and treatment.
Mutations in key genes can lay waste to the nervous system. By studying large families predisposed to developing these genetic disorders, scientists can identify the responsible altered gene.
Girls with Rett syndrome develop normally for about 18 months and then begin to regress. With the help of affected girls and their families, Dr. Zoghbi and her collaborators searched for the gene responsible for this neurological disorder.
Genetic research benefits health, but also raises thorny ethical issues.
Dr. Friedman shows how leptin rewires neural circuits, and how population studies may identify obesity genes.
Dr. Eric Lander takes us on a tour of this remarkable genetic century, describing the rapid advances in DNA sequencing technologies and information science.
Dr. Lander explores human genetic variation and how it may affect individual susceptibility to certain diseases.
Is it a boy or a girl? Dr. David Page looks at how we define male and female and summarizes the development of human sex characteristics.
Dr. Barbara Meyer explains the value of studying model organisms and introduces the nematode C. elegans.
Having too many chromosomes can lead to too much gene expression. Dr. Meyer explains how the gene that controls dosage compensation in C. elegans works.
Dr. Page explains how successive inversions and deletions of the Y chromosome during mammalian evolution have reduced it to its present form—small and sparsely populated with genes.
Although tiny in size, the fruit fly has had a major impact on our understanding of circadian rhythms.
Dr. Rosbash discloses how scientists have persuaded Mother Nature to reveal the inner workings of the fruit fly's biological clock.
Dr. Takahashi describes the powerful strategies that he and others have harnessed for understanding biological clocks in mammals.
The discovery of DNA as the basis of heredity led to an explosive growth of knowledge about the human genome and allowed the identification of genes that predispose people to different diseases.
Although heart disease typically occurs after middle age, seemingly fit and healthy young individuals can die suddenly from unrecognized heart disease.
Molecular genetic approaches have identified genes that, when mutated, cause either increased or decreased blood pressure.
Recent advances in DNA sequencing technology have led to a better understanding of the many genes that play a role in brain development.
Understanding that cancer is caused by mutations in genes that regulate cell proliferation has led to the development of targeted drug therapies.