HomeHHMI's BioInteractiveAIDS: Evolution of an Epidemic


Free Resources for Science Education

AIDS: Evolution of an Epidemic


Why has it been so hard to develop a vaccine against HIV? How are new medicines revolutionizing AIDS treatment? Can AIDS be cured?

Play Lecture Series

Bruce Walker, MD and Bisola Ojikutu, MD, MPH are passionate about fighting the global AIDS epidemic. Walker focuses on vaccine development in the lab, while Ojikutu works in the clinic and focuses on epidemiology. Complementing their U.S.-based research, each spends several months a year in Durban in South Africa’s KwaZulu-Natal province—a region at the epicenter of the AIDS epidemic in South Africa and the place with the highest incidence of HIV infection in the world. For Walker and Ojikutu, HIV research and community work go hand in hand. They are involved in myriad programs that deliver health care to infected individuals while also doing research to improve and develop treatments for AIDS. HIV has proved to be a wily opponent with a penchant for evolving resistance to each new drug and for eluding the usual tricks for developing effective vaccines against viruses. The global community engaged in the battle against AIDS has many challenges but also reasons for hope. Current treatments have turned HIV infection from a death sentence into a manageable chronic condition, and new strategies raise the prospect of permanently curbing the epidemic.

In This Series (6)

by Bisola O. Ojikutu, MD, MPH

The genesis of AIDS, identifying HIV as the virus that causes AIDS, and the modern global epidemic.

Read More › (Duration: 58 min 29 sec)
by Bruce D. Walker, MD

The HIV life cycle, and how the virus destroys the immune system's ability to respond to infection.

Read More › (Duration: 58 min 29 sec)
by Bisola O. Ojikutu, MD, MPH

Treating HIV infection with antiretroviral therapy, and HIV's ability to develop drug resistance.

Read More › (Duration: 58 min 29 sec)
by Bruce D. Walker, MD

The search for an effective HIV vaccine, and advances in genomics that may lead to a breakthrough.

Read More › (Duration: 58 min 29 sec)
by Bruce D. Walker, MD

A discussion with three students who are helping in the global fight against HIV and AIDS.

Read More › (Duration: 1 hr 21 min 27 sec)
by Bisola O. Ojikutu, MD, MPH

Three HIV-positive individuals share their personal experiences about living with HIV.

Read More › (Duration: 1 hr 25 min 32 sec)

Available for Order


In four presentations, Dr. Bruce D. Walker and Dr. Bisola O. Ojikutu explain why understanding HIV evolution is critical to fighting AIDS.

Order now

Download this item

Related Scientists